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高中英语单词拼写必背全表

英语学习方法 10-26 15:13:50 编辑:吴天
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高中英语单词拼写必背全表

一、一个星期七天
1. Monday 2. Tuesday 3. Wednesday4. Thursday5.
Friday 6. Saturday 7. Sunday

二、一年十二个月
1. January 2. February,3. March,4. April 5. May
6. June,7. July 8. August 9. September? ?10.
October? ?11. November,12. December

三、一年四季
1. spring? ?2. summer,3. autumn? ?4. winter

四、容易拼写错的数字
1. eighth第八
2. ninth第九
3. forty四十
4. twelfth第十二
5. twentieth第二十

四、亲属称呼
1. daughter (女儿)
2. niece (女性晚辈)
3. nephew (男性晚辈)
4. cousin (同辈兄弟姐妹)
5. aunt (女性长辈)
6. uncle (男性长辈)

五、以下动词加-ed或-ing要双写最后一个字母
1. regret (regretted, regretting) 后悔
2. control (controlled, controlling) 控制
3. admit (admitted, admitting) 承认
4. occur (occurred, occurring) 出现
5. prefer (preferred, preferring) 宁愿
6. refer (referred, referring) 提到
7. forget (forgetting ) 忘记
8. permit (permitted, permitting)允许
9. equip (equipped, equipping) 装备
注意:quarrel, signal, travel中的l可双写(英国英语)也可不双写(美国英语)

六、部分过去式和过去分词不规则变化的动词(学习呀 www.xuexiya.com)
1. broadcast (broadcast, broadcast) 广播
2. flee (fled, fled) 逃跑
3. forbid (forbade, forbidden) 禁止
4. forgive (forgave, forgiven) 原谅
5. freeze (froze, frozen) 结冰
6. hang (作“绞死”讲,是规则的;作“悬挂”讲,其过去式过去分词都是hung)
7. lie (作“说谎”讲时,是规则的;作“位于”讲时,其过去式是lay,过去分词是lain)
8. seek (sought, sought) 寻求
9. shake (shook, shaken) 发抖
10. sing (sang, sung) 唱歌
11. sink (sank, sunk/sunken) 下沉
12. spread (spread, spread) 传播
13. swim (swam, swum) 游泳
14. tear (tore, torn) 撕碎
15. weave (wove, woven) 编织

七、意思相近的词
1. check / examine/ test
2. receive / accept
3. destroy /damage
4. celebrate/ congratulate
5. wear / dress

八、注意形容词变名词时的拼写变化
1. long—length 长度
2. wide—width 宽度
3. high—height 高度
4. strong—strength力量

九、以-ic结尾的动词,应先把-ic变为-ick,再加ing或ed
1. picnic (picnicked, picnicking) 野餐

十、个别名词的复数拼写
1. German (Germans) 德国人
2. gulf (gulfs) 海湾
3. handkerchief (handkerchiefs) 手帕
4. hero (英雄),potato (土豆),tomato (西红柿)
等有生命的以-o结尾的名词变复数时要加-es。
5. roof (roofs) 房顶
6. stomach 胃 (其复数是stomachs而不是加es)

十一、注意动词变名词时的拼写变化
1. succeed—success成功
2. pronounce—pronunciation 发音
3. explain—explanation解释
4. decide—decision 决定
5. enter—entrance进入
6. permit—permission 允许
7. refuse—refusal 拒绝
8. consider—consideration 考虑
9. discover—discovery 发现
10. bury—burial 埋葬
11. conclude—conclusion 得出结论
12. arrive—arrival 到达
13. weigh—weight 重量

十二、注意形容词变副词时的拼写变化
1. beautiful—beautifully 美丽的
2. possible—possibly 可能的
3. practical—practically 实际的
4. particular—particularly 特别的
5. successful—successfully 成功的

十三、其它必背单词
1. abroad 国外
2. absence n. 缺席 (absent adj.)
3. accepted (NMET1997)
4. accident事故 (accidental adj. 偶然的,accidentally adv. 偶然地)
5. achievement成就 (achieve v. 获得)
6. address地址
7. admire钦佩
8. admitting (2000北京春季卷)
9. agreement 协议
10. agriculture农业 (agricultural adj. 农业的)
11. altogether总共
12. ancient 古代的
13. announced(NMET1999)
14. anxiety 忧虑 (anxious adj. 焦急的,anxiously adv. 焦急地)
15. apologize v. 道歉 (apology n. 道歉apologetic adj. 道歉的
16. apologize/apologise (2000全国卷)
17. appreciate感激/欣赏 (感激人用thank sb;谢谢某人做的事用sth.)
18. Asian(NMET1996)
19. assistant 助手
20. astonish吃惊 (astonishment n. 吃惊,astonishing,astonished)
21. astronaut 宇航员
22. atmosphere气氛
23. attempt尝试 (可作名词也可作动词)
24. attentively 专心地
25. attentively(NMET1996)
26. attitude 态度
27. attract 吸引 (attraction吸引力)
28. average 平均
29. average(NMET1999)
30. balance平衡
31. beauty 美 (beautiful)
32. believe相信 (belief n. 信念,其复数是beliefs)
33. beyond超过
34. biology生物
35. birthday生日
36. bravery 勇敢
37. broadcast(NMET1996)
38. broadcast广播 (过去式、过去分词同原形)
39. carefully 小心 (carefully)
40. ceiling天花板
41. celebrated (2000北京春季卷)
42. celebration 庆祝 (celebrate n. 庆祝)
43. century 世纪
44. challenge 挑战
45. character 性格
46. charge收费
47. cinema电影院
48. comfort v. & n. 安慰 (comfortable adj. comfortably adv.舒适地)
49. comfortably(NMET1997)
50. comment 评论
51. communication 交流
52. competition 竞赛 (compete v. 竞赛competitor 竞赛者)
53. composition 作文
54. concert 音乐会
55. conclude v. conclusion n. 结论
56. condition情况 (conditions条件)
57. confessing (2000北京春季卷)
58. congratulations 祝贺 (congratulate v.)
59. constantly 不断地
60. construction(NMET1996)
61. continue继续
62. contribution 贡献 (contribute v.)
63. conveniently方便 (convenient adj.)
64. conversation 谈话
65. coughing(NMET1997)
66. cousin表兄弟
67. cruelty 残酷 (cruel adj. cruelly adv.)
68. curious 好奇 (curiosity n. 好奇)
69. curious(NMET1996)
70. customer 顾客
71. customers (2000北京春季卷)
72. custom习俗
73. damage损坏
74. declared(NMET1999)
75. delicious 美味
76. destroy毁灭 (其过去式是destroyed)
77. determined 有决心的
78. develop发展development n. developing 发展中的developed发达的
79. dialogue 对话
80. diary 日记 (dairy 奶制品)
81. difference 不同点 (有复数形式)
82. disappointed失望 (disappointing 让人失望的)
83. disappointment 失望
84. discovery 发现
(其复数是discoveries,其动词是discover,discoverer发现者)
85. disturb打扰
86. dollar美元 (其复数是dollars)
87. downstairs楼下
88. dream梦想 (其过去式是dreamed或dreamt)
89. electricity电 (electrical电的,electric 电的)
90. employ 雇用 (employment n. employer 雇主,employee雇员)
91. empty倒空 (可用动词,其过去式是emptied)
92. encourage鼓励 (encouraging, encouraged,
encouragement n.)
93. energy能量
94. envelope 信封
95. envy n. 妒忌 (envious adj.)
96. equal(NMET1998)
97. equipment设备
98. especially 尤其是
99. essential(NMET1999)
100. European 欧洲人
101. event事件
102. excellent极好 (excellence n. excellently adv.)
103. exhibition(NMET1997)
104. exhibition展览
105. expense 耗费
106. experience 经验 (experienced 有经验的)
107. expert 专家
108. expression 表达
109. failure 失败 (fail v.)
110. familiar(NMET1999)
111. familiar熟悉的? , , , , , , , , , , ?数)
112. favorite 最喜爱的 (即作形容词也作名词,作名词时有复
113. figure人物/数字
114. finger手指
115. flight飞行
116. forehead前额
117. foreign(NMET1998)
118. fortunately幸运地
119. forward向前
120. freezing 极冷的 (frozen 冷冻的)
121. frequently 经常地