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任务型写作教案

作文教案 10-28 01:17:32 编辑:吴君芳
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Task-based Writing 任务型写作 设计教师:  普宁英才华侨中学  黄瑛 教学年级:  高中一年级 课题名称:  How to quit smoking 英语写作课 授课时间:  45 分钟 Ⅰ学生分析   本课的教学对象是高中一年级学生。由于学生是第一次接触任务型写作这一类型的写作题材,因此如要抓住他们的注意力,激发他们的学习兴趣,在选材方面应该尽量贴近生活。高一学生的知识面毕竟有限,在收集信息方面的能力也相对有限,所以在我们设置问题的时候必须要尽量简单化,从而消除他们认为任务型写作是高考题型而产生的恐惧感。 Ⅱ教材分析 本课以“戒烟”为主题,以如何进行高中英语任务型写作为教学内容,主要围绕“阅读材料——关键词句——概括要点——谋篇布局——实际创作”这一主线设计。   “Summary”部分:根据高中英语任务型写作的要求,首先必须阅读所给的文段,然后用30个词左右概括该文段的要点。首先要求学生以段为单位,找出各段的主题句。接着再引导学生分析各段要点之间的逻辑关系,从而遵循简练的原则整理出全文大意。   “Body”部分:由两个部分组成即谋篇布局和实际创作。在谋篇布局阶段,首先要求学生在进行写作之前先构思,考虑“文章要分几段来写”;“各段的主要内容是什么”… 然后,再引导学生以段为单位,分段列提纲并进行写作。其中,关于第二个问题“青少年吸烟者如何戒烟?”,设计了一个设定情境的分组讨论活动:假如你要帮助你的亲人或朋友戒烟,你会如何帮助他们(或你会给他们提怎样的建议)?先给学生观看一个主题是How to quit smoking的小视频,然后从视频中获取相关信息并结合小组讨论的意见,最终以书面或口头的形式,对吸烟者如何戒烟提出一些建议。在实际创作阶段,要求学生用掌握的知识来分析文章、获得新信息点(或新知识)以及进行写作。在此阶段还设置了一个随堂练习——要求学习运用逆向思维,用上面所学到的技巧分析参考范文,提取出该文的提纲。引导学生分析、提取提纲的过程中,教会学生抓住连接词(词组)来提取要点。同时,让学生懂得写好一篇文章,要做到上下连贯,连接词(词组)起了很大作用。 Ⅲ 教学目标 (一) 认知目标 1.  了解任务型写作的基本要求 2.  能够简要的概括出文章大意 3.  能够正确的审题、谋篇布局 (二) 情感目标 1.培养学生健康生活以及自觉抵制不良风气影响的态度。 2. 加强学生对英语语篇的理解、提高他们在实际语言环境中准确提取相关语言信息的能力。 3. 利用多媒体手段营造积极和谐教学氛围,充分调动学生的思维活动和情感体验,引起师生的共鸣。 (三)能力目标 1. 通过实际创作来培养学生的写作能力 2. 通过讨论怎样戒烟这一话题,提高学生的英语表达能力。 Ⅳ 学习策略 用引导、提问和讨论的方式,增强师生之间的互动以及提高学生参与课堂活动的积极性,使每一位学生都参与到课堂中来,学习兴趣高涨,从而更好地活跃课堂气氛并提高上课效率。本节课我将综合采用情景教学法、交际法、任务型教学法等方法来突出重点、突破难点。引导学生在轻松的环境下合作学习,共同实现教学目的。 “吸烟”这一话题相对来说比较贴近学生生活,因此运用这一话题来引导学生学习任务型写作,可以降低任务难度。同时利用视频等方式收集信息,也间接向学生说明其实写作的素材是来源于生活的,并且我们也可以通过很多渠道获得写作素材。 Ⅴ 教学过程             Step/time   Teaching Activities   Purpose Teacher Activities Student Activities 1.Greetings(0.5min)   2.Leading-in (1.5min) 1. Greeting 2.Show some pictures about smoking   Watch the pictures about smoking 1. Leading-in  2. Let Ss know the topic of this class.         3.Summary  (15min) 1. Ask Ss to read the passage on the screen and try to find out the topic sentence of each Para. 2. Lead Ss to find the key words of the topic sentences. 3. Get Ss to know the logical-relation among the key words. 4. Ask Ss to write a summary according to the analysis. 5.  Show a sample and analyze it and lead Ss to summarize the steps of making a summary   1. Read the passage and find out the topic sentence of each Para. 2. Find the key words of the topic sentences and their logical-relation. 3. Using their own words to write a summary. 4. Read the sample and review how to get the summary according to the former steps. 5. summarize the steps of making a summary 1. Develop Ss’ reading skills. 2. Improve Ss’ ability to summarize a passage. 3. Stimulate Ss’ sense of to form a healthy habit according to this passage.       4. Body (25min) 1. Ask Ss to think about the following Qs: a. How many paragraphs do you plan to write? b. What do you plan to write in each paragraph? 2. The 1st Para  a. Get Ss to discuss and gather the Supporting ideas about how to quit smoking.  b. Lead Ss to write the outline of the 1st Para. 3. The 2nd Para  a. Play a video and let Ss find out the information to fill in the blanks (Listening)  b. Get Ss to discuss and gather some information about how to quit smoking.  c. Lead Ss to write the outline of the 2nd Para. 4. Give Ss a sample and ask them to analyze it by writing down its outline. 1. Answer to the Qs given by teacher. 2. Discussion and gathering the Supporting ideas about how to quit smoking. 3. Get to know the outline of the 1st Para. 4. Enjoy a video about how to quit smoking and fill the proper words in the blanks. 5. Give some ideas about quitting smoking and write the outline. 6. Analyze the sample and find out its outline. 1. Stimulate Ss’ ability to gather some information they may use. 2. Improve their oral English by discussion. 3. Develop Ss’ sense of cooperative learning. 4. Liven up lesson with a video. 5. Enable Ss to know how to analyze the material which has been given.   5.  Consolidation  (2min)   Ask Ss to review the teaching procedures and summarize how to write the task-based writing.   1. According to teacher’s hint, review the teaching procedures. 2. Know the steps of task-based writing.   Consolidate what they have learned.   6. Homework (1min) Let Ss use what they have learned to write a composition according to the material on their paper.   Write a composition according to the material on their paper.