时间:2020-04-21 17:27:17 编辑:张丹


  1. A great person is a someone who devotes his/her life to helping others.伟人是把自己的生命奉献给帮助别人的人。

  (He started to study ecology and decided to devote his whole life to the science.他开始研究生态学,并决心将他的一生献身于这门科学。He devoted himself entirely to music.他将一生奉献给了音乐。)

  2. fight against 对抗,反对,与……作斗争

  We are all brothers in the same fight against injustice.在共同反对非正义行为的斗争中, 我们都是同志.

  People often have to fight for their liberty.人们往往不得不为自由而战。

  He and his wife are always fighting about who will take after the children. 他与他妻子总是在为由谁来照看孩子而吵架。

  3. He worked selflessly in China as a doctor and saved many Chinese soldiers. 作为一个医生他无私地在中国工作,并且拯救了很多中国战士。

  4. He strongly believed in the three principles: nationalism; people’s rights; people’s livelihood. 他主张三_义:_、民权、民生。

  5. be free from 免于,不受

  A judge must be free from prejudice.法官必须不抱成见。

  6. in a peaceful way 以和平的方式

  7. be in prison 入狱,在狱中服刑 in the prison 在监狱

  8. the same…as…和……一样

  9. the first man to land on the moon 第一个登上月球的人

  10. The time when I first met him was a very difficult period of my life. 第一次见到他的时候是在我一生中非常艰难的时期。(定语从句)

  11. He was generous with his time,for which I was grateful.他十分慷慨地给予我时间,我为此非常感激。

  (He is generous with his money.他花钱大方。I am grateful to you for helping me.感谢你的帮助。Our grateful thanks are due to you.我们衷心感谢你。)

  12. have little education 受的教育少

  13. I could not read or write well. 我既不会读也不会写。

  14. I worried about whether I would become out of work. 我担心我是不是会失业。

  15. I became more hopeful about my future. 我对自己的未来充满了希望。

  (I am hopeful that she will come tomorrow. 我对她明天要来抱着希望。)

  16. as soon as I could 尽快, 马上

  17. The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all. (定语从句) 过去30年来所出现的大量法律剥夺我们的权利,阻挡我们的进步,一直到今天,我们还处在几乎什么权利都没有的阶段。

  (The 19th century saw many changes. 许多变革发生于19世纪。at an early stage in our history在我们的历史早期)

  18. …we were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important, or fight the government. 我们被置于这样一个境地:要么我们_接受低人一等的现实,要么跟政府作斗争。

  19. Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. 只有到这个时候,我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。(Only 位于句首,修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句时,句子采用部分倒装的语序;修饰状语从句时,只有主句采用部分倒装的语序。)

  如:① Only in this way can you come up with a solution to the problem.只有这样,你才能想出解决这个问题的办法。

  ② Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting.叫了三次他才来参加会议。

  ③ Only when he is seriously ill does he ever stay in bed.病的很重时,他才卧床休息。

  Only then did I realize my mistake. 直到那时我才知道我的错误.)

  20. as a matter of fact 事实上

  As a matter of fact,it is health that counts.事实上,健康才是最重要的。

  As a matter of fact, parents don’t want their children to be in trouble. 事实上,父母都不希望子女有麻烦。

  21. In 1963, I helped him blow up some government buildings.在1963年,我帮助他炸毁了一些政府大楼。

  Can you lend me a pump to blow up my bicycle tyres?你能借给我个打气筒给车胎打打气吗?

  Then it turned out that some stars, like our own sun will blow up one day. 然后,事实上有些恒星,就像我们自己的太阳,有朝一日会爆炸。

  22. …I knew it would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people equal. ……我知道这是为了实现我们的黑人和白人平等的梦想。

  23. in trouble 处于困境 遇到麻烦

  Do as you're told, otherwise you'll be in trouble.叫你怎么做就怎么做, 否则有麻烦.

  24. be willing to do sth. 愿意,乐于Only very few people would be willing to share with him their opinions.很少有人愿意跟他分享他们的见解。

  25. What was his attitude towards the unfair situation black people faced? 他对黑人面临的不公平处境什么态度?

  26. turn to 变成;求助于,借助于, 翻到,转向

  She had no one to turn to for advice.她没有一个可以商量的人。

  Who can I turn to in my hour of need? 在我需要的时候我能向谁求助呢?

  As they were out of work, Mr and Mrs Black had to turn to their relatives for help.布莱克夫妇由于失业,不得不向亲戚求帮助。

  27. … the quality of life for black people got worse. …… 黑人的生活质量更糟糕。

  28….many people remember me as one of the first active black fighters for human rights 很多人认为我是为人权而战的第一批积极的黑人战士之一。

  29. lose heart 灰心;泄气, 丧失勇气,失去信心

  Difficulties were increasing. Even then we did not lose heart. 尽管困难在增加,但我们毫不灰心。

  You will succeed sooner or later while you don't lose heart.只要你不失去信心,你迟早会成功。

  If you fail, you should not lose heart but just keep on going. 如果你失败了,你也不该灰心。

  30. escape from 逃脱,逃离,从……逃出

  He listens to music as an escape from the pressures of work.


  He stayed in the background to escape from the public attention. 他呆在幕后为了避开公众的注意。

  The couple had a narrow escape from the fire.这对_从火灾中死里逃生。

  31. He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep. 在午餐的休息时间和晚上我们本应该睡觉的时候他教授我们。

  should have done 本应做而未做

  needn’t have done 本不应做而做了

  can’t have done 过去不可能做过

  32. He said they should not be stopped from studying for their degrees.他说他们不应该被剥夺通过学习获得学位的权利。

  33. …but they did pass their exams. 但是他们确实通过了考试。

  34. That made me feel good about myself. 这让我觉得自己还不错。

  35. be better educated 受到良好教育

  36. I didn’t work again for twenty years until the ANC came to power in 1994. 在非国大于1994年执政之前,我有20年没有工作。

  (After Mandela came to power and became president, his government did their best to change the unfair situation for black people. 曼德勒掌权成为总统后,他的政府尽力为黑人改变不平等的状况。)

  37. All the terror and fear of that time came back to me.


  After the attack , her eyes filled with terror every time when she saw a dog.自从遭遇袭击之后,她每次看见狗,眼睛里都满是恐惧。

  38. be proud to do sth.

  I'll be proud to be part of it.我会以成为其中一份子而自豪。

  be proud of sth

  You should be proud of what you have achieved.你们应当为自己所取得的成绩而自豪。

  39. set up创立,建立,为…作准备;竖立,架起,建造;开业,开始经商

  The company was set up ten years ago.公司是十年前建立的。

  He plans to set up his own business.他决定自己做生意。

  He begged me to let him join the club we have just set up. 他恳求我让他加入我们刚建立的俱乐部。

  40. be sentenced to … 被判处……

  He suggested that the murderer referred to be sentenced to death at once.他建议所涉及到的_凶手立刻被判处死刑。

  Robert was sentenced to three years in prison for stealing and released a month ago. 罗伯特因偷窃被判处三年监禁,于一个月前被释放。

  41. Do you have any thoughts on that? 你认为那怎么样?

  42. to my understanding按我的理解

  43. He was in poor health in his youth so he had to be educated at home. 他年轻时身体不好,所有只得在家接受教育。

  44. be accepted by … 被……录取、接受

  45. give free medical care to people there给那儿的人免费医疗

  As far as I know, in some developed countries people enjoy free medical care.就我所知,在一些发达国家人们享有免费医疗。

  46. He died from blood poisoning.他死于败血症。

  47. At that time the war between China and Japan was under way.那时中日战争正在进行之中。

  48. Mao Zedong praised Bethune’s excellent qualities in this article. 毛泽东在这篇文章了赞扬了白求恩的优良品质。

  49. point of view 观察点;观点

  It depends on your point of view.这将因个人观点而异。

  50. compete with… 与……竞争

  If you want to compete with someone, compete with yourself. 如果你想同别人竞争,先同自己竞争。

  51. advise v.


  advise + n./pron.

  advise + doing

  advise sb. to do sth.

  advise + that从句(从句的谓语用“should + v原”, should 常省略)

  注:1)与advise用法类似的动词如forbid, ,allow,permit,admit,consider等直接接动词作宾语时要用动名词,但接宾补(主补)时,宾补(主补)要用不定式。

  如:We forbid smoking here.(宾语,用动名词) We forbid you to smoke here.(宾补,用动词不定式) You are forbidden to smoke here.(主补,用动词不定式)


  EX: 1)我劝过他,但未能劝服他。_______________________________

  2) We trust you: only you can _____________ him to give up smoking.

  A. suggest B. attract C. advise D. persuade

  Keys: 1)I advised him but I couldn’t persuade him. 2) D



  Include international native modern vocabulary

  culture actually rule latter elevator/lift

  usage identity government command petrol/gas

  request polite standard recognize apartment/flat

  accent direction block official voyage

  conquer gradually enrich especially rapidly

  spelling settle/settler


  play a role (in) play a part(in) even if

  be based on from one place to another the same…as…

  such as make use of at present

  no longer come up to the number of



  prefer doing to talking 喜欢做而不喜欢说

  Which of these two dresses do you prefer? 这两套衣服你喜欢哪一套?

  I prerer to go to America for my fruther study. 我更愿意选择去美国进修学习。

  Anne prefers me to replace her at the meeting. 安妮更愿意我代替她去参加会议。

  2. advantages and disadvantages 优劣

  3. How do they make use of it in their daily life? 在日常生活中他们是如何利用它的

  4.flow through 流过,流经

  5.Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. 从高中起,我姐姐王维和我就一直梦想做一次伟大的自行车旅行。

  连词since 引导的时间状语从句用一般过去时,介词since 与表示过去某一点时间的词语连用,副词since 后不用从句或词语。

  It is/has been+一段时间+since+一般过去时(从句中的动作不能延续)自从……至今已经多久了。

  since then 自从那时至今 ever since 从那以后一直

  6.persuade sb to do sth

  = persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事

  He persuaded her to go to school, even though she did not want to.即使她不想去上学,他还是说服她去。

  7.After graduating fro college, we finally got the chance to take a bike trip.大学毕业以后,我们终于有了机会骑自行车旅行。

  8.It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends.首先想到沿湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅游的是我的姐姐。

  强调句型It is/was…that/who 的用法归纳如下:

  强调句型可以强调除谓语动词以外的任何句子成份。一般来说,如果被强调部分是人时,用连词that或who;如果被强调部分是物,只能用连词that。 强调句型应避免使用when, where, which 等连词。


  ① 含一般疑问句的强调句型,其结构为:Is it+被强调部分+that/who+句子的其余部分?

  ② 特殊疑问句的强调句型结构形式为:特殊疑问词+is/was it that/who+句子的其余部分?

  9.schedual for the trip 旅行计划

  10.be fond of 喜欢,喜爱

  Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly.尽管她对去某些地方的路线并不清楚,她坚持要自己把这次旅行安排得尽善尽美。 (注意1:Although conj. “尽管,虽然”,引导让步状语从句。


  ① although 从句多在句首, though 从句可在主句前、中、后任何位置,而且though 可以作副词用于句末,作“但是,不过”讲,而although 无此用法。

  ② although 用来陈述事实而不用于假设,所以as though(仿佛,好像),even though(即使,尽管)中不能用although。

  ③ though 引导的让步状语从句可以倒装(将表语、状语、情态动词后的动词原形前置到句首,此用法同as),而 although 不可以。注意2:insist 在这里的意思是“坚持要求”后面的that从句用虚拟语气;如果insist 意为“强调,坚持认为”的时候,从句可以用任何所需要的时态。

  例如:She insisted that she didn’t tell a lie.她强调她没撒谎。

  另外,还可以用insist on doing sth/ sth. 一定要、坚持主张,

  如:She insists on getting up early and playing her radio loudly她老是一大早起来把收音机音量开大。)

  11.care about details 考虑细节

  The only thing he cares about is money. 他在乎的就是金钱。

  care for 喜欢,照料,照顾 I don’t really care for red wine. 我其实并不喜欢红葡萄酒。

  Who will care for your child if you are out? 如果你外出了,谁来照顾你的孩子?

  12.give me a determined look给了我一个坚定的眼神

  13.change one’s mind 改变主意

  14.…she seemed to be excited about it. 似乎显得兴奋

  15.an interesting experience一次有趣的经历

  16.Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. Finally, I had to give in.她一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变。最后,我只好让步了。

  Once 可作为从属连词,作“一(旦)……就……”解,连接一个表示时间的状语从句。从句中常用一般现在时,现在完成时表将来。

  如:Once you have begin you must continue.

  Once printed,the book will be very popular。

  17.It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, travelling across western Yunnan Province. 它穿过深谷时就变成了急流,流经云南西部。

  18.It makes wide bends or meanders through low valleys to the plains where rice grows. 河水蜿蜒缓慢地穿过低谷,流向生长稻谷的平原。

  19.He is so stubborn that no one can persuade him to do anything.他太固执,没有一人能劝动他做事。

  20.A determined person always tries to finish the job, no matter how hard it is.不论工作多难,一个坚决的人总是努力地去完成它。

  21.My grandpa is fond of fishing and sometimes he fishes all day in the river.我爷爷喜欢钓鱼,有时他整天在河边钓鱼。

  22.I prefer the red dress to the green one because it fits me better.我喜欢那件红色的衣服不喜欢那件绿色的,因为红色的更合我的身。

  23.The concert went like clockwork because Li Pei organized it so well.音乐会顺利地进行,因为李佩组织地相当好。

  24.I wanted to pay the train fare, but my friend insisted. Finally I gave in.我想付火车票费用,但我朋友坚持他付。最后我让步了。

  25.She persuaded all of us to cycle to work instead of taking the bus.她说服了我们不做公共汽车而是骑车去工作。

  26.As neither of them would give in, no decision was taken that day.由于双方都不让步,那天没有形成决议。

  27.The task was difficult, but Helen’s determined expression let me know that she would not give up.虽然工作很难,但海伦的坚定神情使我知道她不会放弃。

  28.How I wish I could make a journey into space and see the stars up close.我多么希望我能够进行太空旅行,近距离地看看星星啊。

  29.The very first time that Joe saw the film “ET” directed by Steven Spieberg, he made up his mind to become a director too.第一次看Steven Spieberg执导的_“ET”时,他就下定决心也要当一名导演。

  30.a large parcel of 一大包

  31.We are taking out insurance to cover any problems.我们要投保给一切问题保险。

  32.Our legs were so heavy and cold that they felt like blocks of ice.我们的腿又冷又沉,感觉就像大冰块。

  33.Along the way children dressed in long wool coats stopped to look at us.一路上,一些身着羊毛大衣的孩子们停下来看我们。

  34.However, the lakes shone like glass in the setting sun and looked wonderful.然而,湖水在落日的余晖下闪亮如镜,景色迷人。

  35.as usual 像往常一样

  36.At one point we were so high that we found ourselves cycling through clouds. 在某个时刻,我们发现自己置身高处,仿佛骑车穿越云层。

  37.We saw many sheep eating green grass. 我们看到羊群在吃草。

  38.make camp宿营

  39.put up our tent 搭帐篷

  40.stay awake 睡不着,醒着

  41.at midnight 在半夜

  42.for company 做伴

  43.lie beneath the stars 躺在星空下

  44.We can hardly wait to see them.我们迫不及待地想要见到他们。

  45.Good luck on your journey. 祝你旅途愉快

  46.When you go on a journey, why not keep a travel journey?当你出游的时候问什么不记旅行日记呢?

  47.see the world through somebody else’s eyes 通过别人的眼睛看世界

  48.go in the right direction 走正确的方向

  49.The tortoise moves at a very slow pace.乌龟以很慢的速度行进。

  If you pace yourself, you will be able to work efficiently.如果你为自己定好了速度,你就会高效地工作。

  50.be similar to 类似于

  51.afford to do sth 付得起,能承担

  52.be tired from因……而疲劳 be tired of 对……厌倦

  53.be in high spirits 喜气洋洋,兴高采烈

  54.come true 实现,成真

  55.Ask them to give you some advice on improving it.要他们就如何改进提一些建议。

  56.a guide to… ……的指南

  57.on a tour 在游览中,在巡演中

  58.in detail 详细地